“Reflective practice is learning and developing through examining what we think happened on any occasion, and how we think others perceived the event and us, opening our practice to scrutiny by others . . .” (G Bolton, Reflective Practice: Writing and Professional Development p.7)
Looking at a dictionary, reflection might be defined as:
To look back
To cast a light on
As you experience it you will also realise that learning happens in lots of ways – from your reading, from information and facts for example.
We can also learn from our experience and in reflection, our experience is essentially what we work with.
Reflection, therefore, involves our experience and our thoughts, hunches and feelings about this experience.
Furthermore, Reflective Practice asks us to take this and to suspend our habitual thoughts and assumptions and to examine experience in an open way. Sometimes we need to repeatedly examine a context in order to see differently.
Reflection also usually invites us to become more honest with ourselves about our behaviour and our way of seeing and thinking.
As it works we often develop the capacity to see ourselves in the act or moment, to become aware of our actions and also being able to see them.
What distinguishes Reflective Practice is that it requires an openness, a willingness to notice our ways of thinking and seeing, to become aware of these and then to re-examine experience. A number of practices exist to support this such as journaling, critical questions, drawing and storyboarding.
Reflection lets us examine our actions, see ourselves in new ways and to learn from this. This might create a change in behaviour, practice or our thinking.
A definition of reflection captures these aspects:
“The process of creating and clarifying the meaning of experience (past and present) in terms of self (self in relation to self and self in relation to the world). The outcome of the process is changed conceptual perspective” E M Boyd & A A Fales, (1983) ‘Reflective Learning: key to learning from experience’ Jnl Humanistic Psychology Vol 23 No 2, pp99 – 117
At DkIT Library, we have a Libguide on Reflective Practice which you can access here: https://dkit.ie.libguides.com/c.php?g=314542